The Tehran Times reports that Neanderthal teeth from Iran date to the Middle Paleolithic period. An international team of researchers, including archaeologists and paleontologists, analyzed the tooth of a Neanderthal child / tooth and found that it was from the Middle Paleolithic period. In 2017, Neanderthal baby tooth was obtained from the Baba Yawan rock shelter in Western Iran.
The Neanderthal baby tooth was found with stone tools and animal bones. According to Stefano Benazi of the University of Bologna, teeth are between 43,000 and 41,000 years old. Researchers estimate that the area was inhabited by Neanderthals for about 80,000 years and up to 40,000 years before modern humans entered. PLOS ONE has published a research paper on this.