The spacecraft is a module developed by the Russian space agency Roscosmos. It will serve as Russia’s major research center on the International Space Station. The spacecraft was launched in collaboration with NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), Jaxa (Japan), ESA (Europe) and CSA (Canada). The ‘Nauka’, launched by Russia from the Bikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on July 21 using a proton rocket, will be connected to the International Space Station on Thursday.
The word Nauka in Russian means “science”. The spacecraft is the largest exploration and space laboratory ever launched by Russia. In addition to the oxygen generator and the robotic cargo crane built by the European Space Agency
The new module was launched into orbit on July 21 using the most powerful proton rocket on Russia’s space program list. It will reach the International Space Station within 7 days of launch. During this time, engineers and flight controllers will be tasked with testing the spacecraft in space and adapting it to fit in the space station.
The spacecraft will be attached to the Svesda module, the most important part of the International Space Station, which was previously attached to PIRS. Compared to PIRS, the space station will have all the live support needed for the spacecraft.
The spacecraft will also serve as the headquarters of the Russian Orbiter Division at the International Space Station. According to CSS News, the spacecraft will be fully integrated with the space station in at least seven months after flying 11 times.