Scientists have known about this extremely rare tree for decades, but did not have any genetic material to describe it. In 2005 a couple of botanists collected seeds from a tree in Jamari National Forest, a ancient tropical forest in the Amazon. They took the seeds and planted them and waited for one to flower. Thirteen years later one of the trees flowered and bore fruit, giving the genetic material necessary to name the new species. Coccoloba gigantifolia.