The Guyana Space Center in French Guiana, part of France in South America, has been in operation since 1968. Forests cover 98.9% of the total land area. So the main revenue of the area is through the space center. This is the main reason why France did not leave this section.
Why did french Guyana choose Tropical rain forest to launch Ariane 5? Let us examine the scientific aspect of this.
French Guiana is located near the equator. Therefore, the spacecraft needs relatively little energy to reach the Equatorial Geostationary Orbit.
It also has the reputation of having successfully completed the highest number of launches.
The European Space Agency (ESA), the French space agency CNES (National Center for Space Studies) and the commercial companies Arianespace and Azercosmos are also launching here.
From here, ESA launches the Automated Transfer Vehicle to send supplies to the International Space Station.