We’re talking about an experiment with a cat by a scientist named Erwin Schrdinger.
Geiger places a cat in a steel box with a counter, a container of poison, a hammer, and a radioactive object. The cat ends up on the spot. Radioactive tuberculosis is a random process and there is no way to predict when it will occur. As a result, the cat may be 50% dead and 50% alive.
According to physicists, the atom is in a state known as a superposition.
Until the box is opened, we do not know whether the cat is alive or dead – because the cat’s fate depends on whether the radioactive substance is depleted or not, and Schrdinger put it, the cat will “live and die”.
In other words, until the box is opened, the cat’s condition is completely unknown and, therefore, the cat is considered alive and dead at the same time as it is observed.
“If we put a cat in a box and there is no way to tell what the cat is doing, all that is possible – we should treat it as if it were living and dying at the same time.”
According to Martell, Schrdinger developed this paradox to explain a point in quantum mechanics about the nature of wave particles.
“In the late 1800s and early 1900s, we discovered that atomic particles did not obey Newton’s laws,” he says. “So the laws we used to control the movement of a ball, person, or car could not explain how an electron or atom works.”
Schrdinger’s cat is a wave function concept used to explain how components such as electrons and protons work in quantum theory. A wave function describes all the possible conditions for such particles, including properties such as energy, momentum, and position.
Wave function is a combination of all existing functions
. A wave function for a particle can occur at any permissible position. But we cannot say that we know that it is in a particular position without observing it. If we put an electron around the nucleus, it may have any permissible conditions or positions, unless we look at it and know exactly where it is. “
That’s what Schrdinger portrays, he says.
“In any physical system, without observation, you cannot tell what is being done.”
This cat theory gained a lot of popularity and started many memes and new theories.