If ugao rice Terraces in the Philippines
It is often called the Eighth Wonder of the World
Located in the eastern part of the Cordille Mountains, in the province of Ifu Gao, one finds some amazing paddy fields.
This method of cultivation was developed by the people of Ifu Gao over 2000 years ago. It is still practiced in many rural areas and is collectively known as the Banaue rice terraces.
Covering an area of approximately 40.00 square miles (10.360 km), these terraces are about half the length of the earth’s surface.
From time immemorial, the Ifu people have been trying to cultivate food for their food on the slopes, which have become dangerous areas. ‘
Once it arrives, it starts farming. The engineering marvel created on the top of the hill without the help of a modern device – many terraces have very high and steep slopes that turn them into barriers that block water with stones and mud. Attempts are made to create a full circle or ‘semicircle’ up to the bottom of the hill as layers.
The people of Ipuga Wo, known as the unparalleled paddy cultivators, spend most of their lives in ethereals and forest lands, cultivating other edible crops and differentiating themselves from other peoples in cultivating paddy.
It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Although terracing cultures can be found in other parts of Asia and Central America, only the province of Ifugao has a high level of cultivation.
Henry Ottley Bayer was one of the earliest scholars to study Ifugao culture. He suggested that if the walls of the terraces were to be stretched in a straight line, the total length would be equal to half the circumference of the earth.
In the opinion of Engineering Marvel
Terraces not only boast their size. It is also seen as an engineering achievement. This reveals an amazing achievement of hydraulic engineering that has developed complex and advanced irrigation systems. At that time there was no other option but to build irrigation slopes and springs, streams and rivers from irrigation mountains into irrigation canals.
The sheer number of terraces is one of the main attractions for tourists. The complexity of this engineering marvel attracts anthropologists who want to determine the age of the terraces and the origin of the people who built them.
Radiocarbon 14 data from some sites explored by archaeologist Robert Maher support previous theories that Ipugao have inhabited mountain slopes for about 2000 years.
Banu Rice Terraces are one of the most famous and beautiful rice terraces
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- Ifugao call themselves I-Pugao or “known inhabitants of the earth”; Other variants of the name are Ifugao, Ipugao, and Yafugao. They live mainly in the province of Ifugao in central Cordillera in northern Luzon. The name is thought to have come from Ipugo, which means “from the hill”. Afghanistan Ifugao (Ifugao) is located in the center of Ifugao province and has two languages: Berne and Banu. In addition, their name is synonymous with the famous man-made Banu Rice Terrace in North Luzon, due to their engineering knowledge and agricultural terracing, which was once hailed as the “Eighth Wonder of the World”. Historically, Ifugao was one of the least influential places on the island community, even if they entered the Ifugao area; The Spaniards were unable to transform their culture and values. Anthropologists consider Ifugao to be the oldest inhabitant of the highlands; Their origin is Indonesian immigration, dating to 800-500 BC. Agricultural terracing is their main source of livelihood along with agriculture. Is the making of handicrafts’ but to measure their social status. Wealthy people were called Katangyan. They are generous by nature and provide rice and other assistance to poor neighbors when they are in need of food. In addition, their culture is renowned for their legal system, and in one of the most extensive oral legal traditions in the world, tribal chiefs carry out criminal and punitive procedures.