Astrosat is India’s first space telescope. The telescope can observe everything from distant galaxies to black holes. Launched September 28, 2015.
The ASTROSAT, which weighs 1513 kilograms, orbits the equator at a distance of 650 km from Earth. Astrosat controls ISRO’s Mission Operations Complex (MOX) in Bangalore.
The astrosatellite has five payloads (observational instruments) capable of observing distant galaxies, X-ray sources, and black holes, as well as galaxies. Astrosat is often referred to as the ‘Mini Hubble Telescope’. Astrosat is a powerful observatory that deserves that title.
Astrosatellite has the ability to observe the universe at different wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum. Observation is possible in ultraviolet, visible light and high energy X-ray waves. There are not many telescopes in the world today that can observe the universe in such a variety of ways.
The astrosatellite detected ultraviolet light from a galaxy 9.3 billion years away from Earth. Astrosat captured an ultraviolet ray from the galaxy AUDFs01. This was announced by the Pune-based Inter University for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA). The findings are published in the journal Nature Astronomy after two years of research.
The Astrosat is a ray from the Fornox constellation discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. Fornox is made up of tens of thousands of galaxies. A small area of this is the Hubble Ultra Deep Field (HDF). AUDFS01 is a galaxy in the region known as Extreme Deep Field (XDF). XDF contains 5,500 galaxies that are over a billion years old.