NASA’s SpaceXCrew 1 mission holds the record for the longest spaceflight. The NASA team, led by Michael Hopkins, spent 64 days growing the two species of plants. This is the longest period to date.
Extra dwarf and mustard Amstra varieties of Chinese cabbage were cultivated in space. NASA had earlier released details of their space farming.
The mustard plants grown at the International Space Station were beginning to bloom.
NASA’s Kate Rubins and Japanese astronaut Zoichi Noguchi, who have previously flown into space, have been successfully cultivating in space. The plants are grown in specially prepared space grow bags. Lack of gravity in space also poses many challenges to agriculture. LED lighting can be a guide for plant growth.
Many varieties of radishes and spinach have already been grown on the space station. The seeds are watered directly for at least the first three days through the twigs in a special space bag. This will help the plant to grow. Unhealthy plants are often removed. Some leaves of the plant are also collected for further study. When the plants are in bloom, they are pollinated by tourists using small brushes. This is very important when it comes to cultivating fruits in the future.
The Artemis mission, announced for 2024, is one of NASA’s most important space projects.
There are also plans to establish a permanent colony on the moon by 2028. Under such circumstances, it is best to start sustainable farming as well as food for travelers. Four members of NASA’s SpaceXt 1 mission returned to Earth last month after a six – month stint in space.